Drying or dehydration is a process through which moisture or water content is removed from the food. Removing of water content from food makes them lighter and smaller. It helps in preservation of food for longer period of time. Dehydrated food do not require any refrigeration while preserving at home or at the time of consumption.
Moreover, dehydrated food is ideal for preserving seasonal fruits and vegetables. Dehydrated food offer high nutritional value, easy storage properties and availability at low price, which is driving the demand of dehydrate food across the globe.
Dehydrated food market can be segmented on the basis of technology which includes spray dried, freeze dried, vacuum dried, sun dried, hot air dried and others. Traditionally among all these segments sun dried process of dehydration was the major segment in terms of usage by food manufacturers followed by hot air dried process.
However due to the introduction of new technology spray dried is expected to account for largest share in terms of market revenue contribution, followed by freeze dried during the forecast period. Vacuum dried segment is expected to show a consistent growth as compared to others. Limited usage in food products is expected to be the restraining factor for the growth of vacuum dried technology in dehydrated food market in the near future.
Furthermore, dehydrated food market can also be segmented on the basis of types. This includes dehydrated dairy products, dehydrated fruits, dehydrated meat products, dehydrated vegetables and others. Among all these segment meat products is expected to account for largest market share followed by dairy products.
Increasing demand for enhanced year around availability of processed and canned meat products among the manufacturers is expected to support the demand of dehydrated meat products in the near future.
Moreover the dehydrated fruits and dehydrated vegetables segments respectively are expected show a favorable growth during the forecast period. This is attributed to rising demand of seasonal fruits and vegetables.
Dehydrated food market can also be segmented on the basis of region. Globally, North America is expected to account for the major market share. In North American region the U. S is expected to be the major contributor in terms of revenue followed by Canada. Increased consumption of meat products in North America is expected to support the demand of dehydrated food products across the region. Europe is also expected to be one of the prominent contributor in dehydrated food products market in terms of revenue followed by Asia Pacific.
Among all the countries in the European region United Kingdom is expected to contribute the highest during the forecast period. Moreover in terms of production of dehydrated food China is expected to be one of the prominent producer of dehydrated food products. In addition, China is one of the largest meat products producer along with prime producer of various seasonal fruits and vegetables.
This is expected to contribute towards significant growth in the country. Rising demand of food products with longer shelf life coupled with the increasing demand of seasonal products across the year is supporting the growth of dehydrated food market during the forecast period. Moreover, increasing demand of food manufacturers for preserving food product for longer period so that they could use it as an ingredient in their final product is also fuelling the demand of dehydrated food market during the forecast period.Fruits and vegetables are dried to enhance storage stability, minimize packaging requirement and reduce transport weight.
Preservation of fruits and vegetables through drying based on sun and solar drying techniques which cause poor quality and product contamination. Energy consumption and quality of dried products are critical parameters in the selection of drying process. An optimum drying system for the preparation of quality dehydrated products is cost effective as it shortens the drying time and cause minimum damage to the product.
To reduce the energy utilization and operational cost new dimensions came up in drying techniques. Among the technologies osmotic dehydration, vacuum drying, freeze drying, superheated steam drying, heat pump drying and spray drying have great scope for the production of quality dried products and powders. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
J Food Sci Technol. Published online Feb 6. Sagar and P. Suresh Kumar. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Sagar, Email: moc.
Drying and Dehydration Technologies: A Compact Review on Advance Food Science
Corresponding author. Received Sep 2; Accepted Apr This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Fruits and vegetables are dried to enhance storage stability, minimize packaging requirement and reduce transport weight.
Keywords: Superheated steam drying, Heat pump drying, Fruits and vegetable dehydration, Freeze drying, Spray drying, Pulsed electric field. Achanta S. Predicting the quality of dehydrated foods and biopolymers-research needs and opportunities.
Drying Technol.Dehydrating or drying foods is a perfect way to preserve foods that are more easily stored than canned varieties. In this article, you will find a variety of dried and dehydrated recipes. While most recipes call for a dehydrator, there are other options such as the oven or air drying. There are several ways you can dehydrate your food. First, you can use an oven. Preheat the oven to degrees for your ingredients to turn out crisp and tasty.
You can use parchment paper for this process, it works particularly well with fruit leather recipestoo. When using an oven to dehydrate the food, it usually takes around six to eight hours.
Alternatively, you can use a toaster. Set your toaster oven to its lowest temperature, and keep the oven door slightly ajar. During the time your ingredients are in the oven, keep a watchful eye on them.
Another option and the most energy efficient is to dry your food on trays in the sun. Slice your ingredients, place on parchment paper and leave out to dry. Depending on the temperature, this process can take several days to dry your ingredients thoroughly. Use a thin material on top of the dehydrated food to keep insects and flies away.
Finally, another process to achieve dehydrated food is with a microwave. However, to dry food this way, carefully consider the foods you use, as this process can take longer than using an oven or dehydrator. The best dehydrator recipes produce healthy, pleasant-tasting foods which make a great snack.
Recent advances in drying and dehydration of fruits and vegetables: a review
To improve the taste of your dehydrated food and make the process user-friendly, focus on the preparation before dehydrating. First, rinse your fruit with cold water — not boiling water. Once cleaned, blot the food dry using parchment paper before adding to trays. Ensure the fruit is thoroughly dry before placing in a dehydrator. Cut the fruit into thin slices. Place parchment paper onto the trays and add the fruit on top.
In an average food dehydrator, fruit takes around six hours to dehydrate completely. First, apples are a great go-to because they dry easily, and you can even achieve an added crunch if you freeze them.
Strawberries will also please your taste buds, and make a great snack for in front of the TV, or for children to take to school. Blackberries make a great snack or addition to your meal as well. You can even add this fruit to your dried cereal for a healthy and delicious start to the day.
Try adding some excitement to your taste buds with pineapple. This fruit dries exceptionally well, although pineapples can lose their sweetness once dry. A way to combat this is by adding sugar once the fruit is dry. Why not take things to another level with homemade jerky? Ensure you begin with a slice of jerky with as little fat on it as possible.
Not only does this make the result healthier, but ensures that the homemade jerky properly dehydrates. Play around with a new sauce to create a homemade jerky marinade recipe the whole family will love. Dehydrating beef and other meat is an option, too. Ensure that the beef is pre-cooked before you begin to quicken the process.
Slice up the meat and add it to a dehydrator. Chicken Jerky.Are you prepared with long term food storage for sudden natural disasters or national emergencies? Food Dehydration is the best method to ensure survival during trying times.
Our modern food system relies on shipping and the ability to get trailer loads of product into supermarkets and retailers. So, what happens if something impedes those deliveries? Start Food Dehydration Today! My kids love the healthy snacks that come out of it! Fruit roll ups, and dried fruit. I also dry tomatoes, herbs and jerky! Email USA: mail excaliburdehydrator. Sacramento, CA Dehydrate meat for jerky. Make your own granola.How To Dehydrate Fruit - Excalibur Food Dehydrator Review
Dry fruit puree into a fruit roll-up. Make all-natural pet treats. And much more! Dry it, you'll like it! My Account. Welcome to Excalibur Dehydrator!
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Drying Sheets. Clear Doors. Storage Supplies. Replacement Parts. Jerky Guns. Jerky Spices. Meat Grinders. Meat Slicers.Masters thesis, University of Mysore. All rights reserved. Powered by Eprints. Simple Search Advanced Search. Atom RSS 1. Hybrid Technology for Food Dehydration. PDF T Item Type: Thesis Masters Additional Information: In the present work extensive literature survey has been carried out covering various aspects of drying techniques, one of the oldest food preservation techniques.
Applications of drying in food processing, types and classification of dryers and different hybrid drying technologies being adopted to improve process efficiency are included in the scope of literature survey.
The present work has mainly focused on hybrid drying technologies based on electromagnetic radiations field assisted such as Infrared, Microwave and Radio Frequency. Drying techniques having two or more methods of drying applied in combination are focused more as this technique is becoming highly popular in food processing.
Techniques wherein the processes are applied in sequential way are also covered briefly as these are proved to be advantageous in a few food processing operations. Advantage and limitation of each drying technique, mechanism of heat transfer and operation, literature reports on application of this technique for food dehydration are covered in the literature survey.
This work provides an overview of the basic hybrid drying processes, selected based on experimental results and techniques reported in the literature, self-deduced analysis and discussions in the light of potential scale-up and suitability or feasibility to present day and future drying applications.
Login Create Account. In the present work extensive literature survey has been carried out covering various aspects of drying techniques, one of the oldest food preservation techniques.
Food Sci. Information Services.Physical Properties of Food Materials 2. Fluid Flow 3. Heat and Mass Transfer, Basic Principles 4. Reaction Kinetics 5. Elements of Process Control 6. Size Reduction 7. Mixing 8. Filtration 9. Centrifugation Membrane Processes Extraction Adsorption and Ion Exchange Distillation Crystallization and Dissolution Extrusion Spoilage and Preservation of Foods Thermal Processing Thermal Processes, Methods and Equipment Refrigeration, Chilling and Freezing Refrigeration, Equipment and Methods Evaporation Dehydration Freeze-Drying Lyophilization and Freezed Concentration Frying, Baking, Roasting Ionizing Irradiation and other Non-thermal Preservation Processes Foods mostly fruits and vegetables are dried and dehydrated to increase their usable lifetime, storage stability and minimize processing requirements and enhance transportability.
Energy utilization and nature of dried items are basic parameters in the choice of drying process.
Food Process Engineering and Technology
An ideal drying system for the arrangement of value dried out items is savvy as it shortens the drying time and makes least contamination the item. To diminish the energy use and operational cost new measurements came up in drying procedures.
This paper represents basic review on food drying techniques along with two drying methods of cranberries microwave-vacuum and microwave-convective and their merits and demerits regarding the quality of dried product and the process performance are evaluated. Micro-convection, Food engineering, Convective food dryingHeat engineering, Preservation techniques. Foods grown from the ground are critical wellsprings of fundamental dietary supplements, for example, vitamins, minerals and fiber.
Then again, drying is an appropriate option for post-harvesting particularly in South-Asian countries like Bangladesh, India, and China etc. Organic products, vegetables and their items are dried to improve capacity dependability, limit bundling prerequisites and diminish transport weight. Regardless, in India scarcely any segment of perishables are dried which prompts huge misfortune as far as cash and work other than soak ascend in costs of wares amid the off season.
Drying of foods grown from the ground has been essentially expert by convective drying [ 2 ]. There are various investigations that have tended to the issues related with ordinary convective drying. Some essential physical properties of the items have changed, for example, loss of shading, difference in surface, concoction changes influencing flavor and supplements and shrinkage [ 3 ].
Plus, convective drying gives little extension for earlier re-hydration to additionally preparing subsequent to drying for a negligible quality [ 4 ]. The high temperature of the drying procedure is an imperative reason for loss of value. Bringing down the procedure temperature has extraordinary potential for enhancing the nature of dried items [ 56 ].
However in such conditions, the working time and the related cost end up noticeably unsuitable. To lessen the operational cost distinctive pre-medicines and new strategy for low temperature and low energy drying techniques are developed.
A concise audit of late improvement recent years will be talked about in the accompanying areas. The utilization of heat pumps for drying has been contemplated since the mid s, however the thought was mechanically attainable, it was not monetarily alluring because of the low fuel costs winning around then.
By setting the evaporator of a heat direct in the fumes stream, the air leaving the dryer is cooled in this way recuperating the sensible heat segment and afterward dehumidified to recoup the dormant heat by the refrigerant. The heat in this manner added to the refrigerant is then rejected at the condenser of the heat pump to the surge of air entering the dryer, along these lines raising its temperature.
At the point when the air leaving the dryer is recycle, the additional advantage of dehumidification of the drying air is likewise acknowledged, expanding its capability to accomplish better drying. Hogan, et al. Basically, hest pumps were utilized to lessen the energy utilization of dryers and it is currently all around concurred that heat pump dehumidifier HPD helped drying systems to have energy reserve units [ 89 ].
One of the primary focal points of HPD drying is the maintenance of value and its effective application to drying esteemed heat delicate materials. Kohayakawa, et al. Figure 1 shows a typical schematic of industrial heat pump arrangement. Hawlader, et al. The evacuation during drying appeared profitable to the items, which indicated lesser caramelizing. Moreover, the porosity and rehydration attributes of the item were predominant contrasted and material dried under vacuum.
Gabas, et al. Alves-Filho, et al. Uddin, et al.